dehydrated cause high blood pressure

Can being dehydrated cause high blood pressure

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Can being dehydrated cause high blood pressure

Do you know that dehydration can cause high blood pressure? This article will tell you about the risks of dehydration and what you can do to avoid them.

Dehydration can cause high blood pressure. This is because dehydration makes the blood thicker and harder to flow through the veins and arteries. When this happens, it is more difficult for the heart to pump blood around the body. Elevated blood pressure can lead to a number of health problems, including stroke, heart attack, and kidney failure. To prevent dehydration from causing high blood pressure, be sure to drink plenty of fluids throughout the day and

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What Is Dehydration?

Dehydration is a condition in which the body loses water, electrolytes, and other vital nutrients.

Dehydration occurs when you use or lose more fluid than you take in, resulting in a lack of water and other fluids in your body to carry out its normal functions. You will become dehydrated if you do not replace lost fluids.(1)

When dehydration becomes severe, it can lead to serious health problems, including:

  • Dizziness-When someone experiences dizziness, it is usually a sign that their brain is not getting the oxygen that it needs. In some cases, this can be caused by diseases like malaria or cancer, but more often it is due to something else. Dizziness can also be a sign of an imbalance in the levels of chemicals in the brain or an issue with how these chemicals are working together.
  • Confusion

    Confusion is defined as the inability to think clearly or quickly as one normally does. You might feel disoriented and have trouble paying attention, remembering, and making decisions.Depending on the cause, confusion may appear suddenly or gradually over time. Confusion frequently lasts only a short time before dissipating. Sometimes it is permanent and incurable. It could be linked to delirium or dementia.Confusion is more common in the elderly, and it frequently occurs during a hospital stay.Some people who are confused may exhibit strange or unusual behavior or may act aggressively.

  • Seizures-Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures. A seizure is a sudden burst of electrical activity in the brain. Seizures can be brief, lasting less than 10 minutes, or they can be longer, more intense episodes that can last for several hours. Epilepsy affects nearly 3 million people in the United States and causes substantial economic hardship. There is currently no cure for epilepsy, but treatments range from medications to surgery 
  • Coma-is a prolonged state of unconsciousness caused by a variety of factors such as traumatic brain injury, stroke, brain tumor, drug or alcohol intoxication, or even an underlying illness such as diabetes or infection.
    A coma is regarded as a medical emergency. Immediate action is required to preserve life and brain function. Doctors will typically order a battery of blood tests as well as a brain scan to try to determine what is causing the coma so that proper treatment can begin.
    A coma usually lasts only a few weeks. People who have been unconscious for a long time may enter a persistent vegetative state, also known as brain death.(2)

Causes of dehydration

Dehydration can be caused by a number of factors including sweating, drinking alcohol excessively, vomiting or diarrhea, fever, tears, and urine,. Significant dehydration can lead to electrolyte imbalance, fatigue, and organ damage.

Dehydration occurs when there is a decrease in the amount of water in the body tissues. The most common causes of dehydration are:

1) drinking too much fluid,

2) not drinking enough fluid, or

3) extreme sweating.

 

 

Symptoms of dehydration

Dehydration can be one of the first signs that someone is dehydrated. Symptoms of dehydration include feeling thirsty, having a dry mouth, feeling lightheaded or unsteady, and having a rapid or erratic heartbeat.

Dehydration can lead to other health problems, including fever, muscle cramps, and seizures. It is important to drink water and other fluids regularly to stay hydrated and avoid these symptoms.

These systoms may includes (3)

  1. Dry mouth and tongue.
  2. Lock of  tears when crying.
  3. No wet diapers for three hours.
  4. Sunken eyes and cheeks.
  5. Sunken soft spot on top of skull.
  6. Listlessness or irritability.

How to treat dehydration

Dehydration occurs when a person’s body does not have enough water to function properly.

This can cause a variety of health problems, including muscle cramps, headaches, nausea, and even seizures.

The first step in treating dehydration is always determining how much fluid the person has lost.

This can be accomplished by taking a urine sample or weighing them.

Once an estimate of how much fluid has been lost is made, It is difficult to measure exactly how much water a person has lost due to diarrhea, but on average, 2-3 cups of fluid are lost per day.

If a person has diarrhea for more than two days, they may have lost additional fluids.

It is critical to drink plenty of fluids and electrolytes and avoid heavy drinking to conserve fluids and prevent dehydration.

When a person loses water or fluid through sweat, urine, or stool, it can be difficult to determine how much has been lost. Some people may lose up to two cups of water per day, depending on their body composition and activity level.

Doctors or other medical professionals frequently use an equation that takes into account the person’s weight, age, gender, and other factors to determine how much fluid has been lost.

Prevention of dehydration

Prevention of dehydration

Drinking plenty of fluids is the best way to avoid dehydration, especially if you’re in a hot climate or playing or working in the sun.

Keep track of how much fluid you’re losing through sweat and pee. Drink enough to keep up with the amount of waste you’re getting rid of.(4)

Dehydration is a condition in which the body has lost fluid. It can happen from drinking too much water or other liquids, sweating, and diarrhea.

Some symptoms of dehydration are feeling thirsty, having a dry mouth, feeling lightheaded, and seeing a decrease in urine volume. If dehydration is not treated it can lead to serious health problems such as muscle loss, a decrease in heart rate, and even death.

Tips for staying hydrated during exercise

It’s important to stay hydrated during physical activity, as dehydration can cause fatigue, dizziness, and even pass out.

Aim to drink fluids about an hour before exercise and every 15 to 20 minutes throughout the workout. If you’re perspiring heavily, sip on a sports drink or water mixed with electrolytes instead of plain water.

The American Council on Exercise recommends the following general guidelines for drinking water before, during, and after exercise:(5)

  • 2 to 3 hours before you begin exercising, drink
  • 17 to 20 ounces of water.
  • Drink 8 ounces of water 20 to 30 minutes before beginning your workout or during your warm-up.
  • During exercise, drink 7 to 10 ounces of water every 10 to 20 minutes.
  • Drink 8 ounces of water within 30 minutes of finishing your workout.

Tips for drinking water safely

There are a few simple things you can do to make sure you drink water safely:

  • Drink plenty of water throughout the day, even if you don’t feel thirsty. Sudden dehydration can lead to health problems.
  • Avoid drinking contaminated water. Make sure to use filtered or bottled water whenever possible.
  • Avoid hot drinks, ice cubes, and other added caffeine. These can dehydrate you quickly.

Dehydration and the brain

Dehydration can lead to a decrease in brain function and even death. When the body is dehydrated, the cells lose water, which disrupts their ability to function properly.

This can cause problems with memory, concentration, and reflexes. In extreme cases, dehydration can even lead to coma or death. To avoid these consequences, it is important to stay hydrated during hot weather and exercise regularly.

As a result, if our water levels are too low, our brain cells cannot function properly, resulting in cognitive issues.

When performing cognitively engaging tasks, the brains of dehydrated adults show signs of increased neuronal activation, indicating that their brains are working harder than usual to complete the task. 

This extra effort typically manifests as fatigue and mood changes in healthy young adults, but in populations with less cognitive reserve, such as the elderly, it does not.(6)

Dehydration and the heart

Dehydration can have adverse effects on the heart, including an increase in heart rate and blood pressure, a decrease in blood flow to the heart muscle, and a decrease in cardiac function.

Dehydration can also lead to the formation of clots in the blood, which can cause a heart attack or stroke. It is important for people who are dehydrated to drink plenty of water and electrolytes (sodium and potassium) to maintain appropriate

If you’re even slightly dehydrated, your heart has to work harder to pump blood, which can raise your heart rate and cause an irregular heartbeat or palpitations.

Dehydration causes your blood to thicken and your blood vessel walls to constrict, causing hypertension, or high blood pressure, and straining your heart. This causes plaque to build up in the arteries over time. A heart attack can be caused by an artery blockage.(7)

Dehydration and the kidneys

Dehydration can be detrimental to the kidneys. When the body does not have enough water, the kidneys will work harder to remove salt and other substances from the blood.

This can lead to kidney damage and even death. Prevention is key because drinking plenty of fluids is essential for keeping our kidneys healthy.

Severe dehydration can cause kidney damage, so it’s critical to drink plenty of fluids when working or exercising hard, especially in hot and humid weather.

According to some studies, even mild dehydration on a regular basis can cause permanent kidney damage.(8)

Dehydration can increased risk for diabetes

Dehydration can increase blood pressure by causing your body to retain more
salt, which in turn causes the heart to work harder to circulate blood.

Dehydration also decreases the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels,
which can lead to an increased risk for diabetes complications.

Diabetes and dehydration can coexist. In fact, thirst and dry mouth, both symptoms of mild dehydration, are frequently the first signs of diabetes. But what is the relationship between diabetes and dehydration?(9)

This link has everything to do with how the body reacts to high blood sugar levels.

Diabetes is a condition in which your body does not produce or use insulin properly

Dehydration can increased risk for diabetes

Insulin is a hormone that allows your body’s cells to absorb sugar from your bloodstream and use it for energy.

Additionally,when the body does not have enough water (dehydration), it produces chemicals
called vasoconstrictors that can cause heart muscle damage and even death.
because it can lead to an imbalance in the body’s electrolytes.

What are Electrolytes

An electrolyte is a molecule or ion that participates in an electric current.
Each type of charged particle has a specific property that allows it to move freely through a liquid or gas, and carry electricity.

Electrolytes arenecessary for electrical signaling in the body since they allow for the transfer
of electrons between substances.

Electrolytes are minerals that help maintain the electric current that helps cells communicate with one another.

An electrolyte is a mineral that helps maintain the electric current that helps cells communicate with one another. Electrolytes are found in our bodies and help to keep our cells hydrated.

This is important because it allows the cellsto function properly and carry out their tasks. Electrolytes also help toregulate pH levels, which is important for maintaining healthy tissues.

When the body loses fluids, it begins to lose electrolytes too. Dehydration can
also cause a person to feel thirstier than usual and have a craving for water.
If you are dehydrated, drink fluids regularly and avoid caffeine and

If you are dehydrated, drink fluids regularly and avoid caffeine. Caffeine can
further dehydrate you and interfere with your body’s ability to properly consume
fluids. Additionally, caffeine can worsen an already existing case of
dehydration.

Conclusion

Being  dehydrated can lead to serious health isses like heat stoke,diabetes,seizures(epilepsy).coma and even death.

For good measures for keeping goodf health and stay hydrated is drink 8 glasses of water per day also eat foods that have great source of water, like water melon,water crest,apples,celeries and letttace just to name a few.

when exercising  be sure to do it in a cool environment, so you’ll lose less body fluid,be sure to a drink that provide you with adequate electrolytes to replace the minerals your losing.

Refference.

1.https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dehydration/symptoms-causes/syc-20354086

2.https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/coma/symptoms-causes/syc-20371099

3.https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dehydration/symptoms-causes/syc-20354086

4.https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/prevent-dehydration

5.https://familydoctor.org/athletes-the-importance-of-good-hydration/

6.https://www.alzdiscovery.org/cognitive-vitality/blog/can-dehydration-impair-cognitive-function

7.https://us.viveve.com/the-link-between-dehydration-and-heart-disease/

8.https://www.kidney.org/newsletter/can-dehydration-affect-your-kidneys#:~:text=Severe%20dehydration%20can%20lead%20to,lead%20to%20permanent%20kidney%20damage.

9.https://www.healthline.com/health/diabetes/diabetes-and-dehydration

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