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what is fibromyalgia disease

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What is fibromyalgia disease?

What is fibromyalgia disease? fibromyalgia is a syndrome characterized by widespread pain in muscles and connective tissue, as well as fatigue, it may be a result of damage to the central nervous system.

Women are more likely than men to be affected by fibromyalgia.

The cause of fibromyalgia is unknown. However, it may be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Factors that may contribute to fibromyalgia include:

  • Depression or anxiety
  • Stress
  • Injury or physical trauma
  • Poor sleep quality

Depression or anxiety: is a group of mental health conditions that share common features but differ in symptoms and severity.

Depression is a type of mental illness characterized by extreme despair, feelings of shame or worthlessness, anger, loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities, and recurring thoughts of death or suicide

Anxiety disorders are disorders characterized by excessive anxiety and fear (obsessive-compulsive disorder [OCD], phobic disorder [PD]), arousal from anxiety that cannot be reduced by relaxants (panic disorder), or unease that persists even after the fear has dissipated (post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD]).

Anxiety disorders can have a serious impact on an individual’s life. They may cause problems with school, work, and social activities. Some people experience frequent physical symptoms, such as shaking, headaches, and difficulty sleeping.

Stress: It is not clear what you mean by “stress.” There are many possible meanings, including physical or emotional strain, mental tiredness, financial worries, and feelings of pressure. Of these, it is physical stress that may be most closely associated with heart disease.

Injury or physical trauma: There are many reasons why someone may experience an injury or physical trauma. Some common reasons include:

  • A car crash
  • A fall
  • A dog bite
What is fibromyalgia disease
  • Slips and falls
  • Being victim of a crime

Poor sleep quality: This is a serious issue and can have a significant impact on an individual’s overall health. Poor sleep quality can be caused by many different factors, including:

  •  Difficulty falling asleep
  • Wakefulness during the night
  • Restless sleep.
  • Anxiety or stress

The quality of sleep people get around the world varies enormously. In some parts of the world, people routinely get enough sleep, while in others, insufficient sleep is common.

Poor sleep can lead to health problems such as obesity, diabetes, and heart disease, and adversely affect academic achievement and workplace productivity.

What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia?

What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia

Symptoms of fibromyalgia may include:

  • Widespread pain and stiffness throughout the body
  • Thinking, memory, and focus issues
  • sleep problems.
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Migraines are examples of headaches.
  • Hand and foot tingling or numbness
  • Abdominal pain,
  • bloating,
  • Constipation,
  • Irritable bowel syndrome, constipation, and diarrhea are all signs of digestive problems.(also known as IBS)

 

Samples of blood and urine may be useful in diagnosis.

Fibromyalgia is a condition characterized by widespread pain, fatigue, sleep problems, and other symptoms.

To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor may order samples of your blood or urine for analysis.

Your doctor may also order a physical exam to rule out other causes of your symptoms.

Some causes of arousal and confusion include:

  • stroke
  • serious head injuries, including a concussion or a cracked skull
  • cranial nerve damage, such as from a stroke or tumor
  • glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and meningioma

How is fibromyalgia diagnosed?

There is no one definitive method of diagnosis for fibromyalgia, as the condition can be difficult to identify and may overlap with other medical conditions.

Doctors may use a variety of methods to assess whether a person has fibromyalgia, including asking about the person’s symptoms and medical history, performing physical exams, and administering tests such as blood work or ultrasound.

If doctors believe a person has fibromyalgia, they may recommend treatment to help relieve the associated symptoms.

Symptoms must be consistent and severe enough to cause significant distress or disability in order to be considered a diagnosis of fibromyalgia.

How is fibromyalgia diagnosed?

Fig.1

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The most commonly used diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia are the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ.1) and the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36).

Other diagnostic criteria include the presence of four or more of the following: widespread pain, sleep disturbance, fatigue, tenderness, impaired memory, thoughts of suicide.

The FIQ.1 is a self-reported questionnaire that asks people about their symptoms over the past month. The SF-36 measures health status over 36 dimensions and is a widely used tool for research purposes.

If you have widespread pain throughout your body for at least three months it is required for a fibromyalgia diagnosis.

For your doctor to be sure you have fibromyalgia you must have four of the five located in the fowolling areas:

  • lower left side:these include buttock,hip or the leg 1.
  • lower right side:these include buttock,hip or the leg
  • Upper left side: these include jaw, arm or the shoulder
  • Upper right side:these include jaw, arm or the shoulder
  • The axial region includes the neck, back, chest, and abdomen.

Test for Fibromyalgia – Your doctor may want to determine the presence or absence that have symptoms similar to yours. Blood tests may include the following:

  • Rheumatoid factor- are the immune-system proteins that can attack healthy tissue in your body.
  • Celiac serology – antibodies blood tests
  • Complete blood count- is a blood test that is used to assess your overall health and detect a variety of disorders such as anemia, infection, and leukemia.
  • Anti-nuclear antibody – antibodies that attack normal proteins within a cell’s nucleus
  • Vitamin D deficiency – can result in bone density loss, which can contribute to osteoporosis and fractures (broken bones)
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate -An erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) test measures how quickly erythrocytes (red blood cells) settle at the bottom of a test tube.
  • Cyclic citrullinated peptide test- Antibody testing for cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) detects and quantifies CCP antibodies in the blood. The immune system produces CCP antibodies, which can mistakenly attack healthy tissues .2

How can fibromyalgia be treated?

There is no cure for fibromyalgia, but there are many treatments available that can help lessen the symptoms.

These treatments may include medication, exercise therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and relaxation techniques.

Many people find relief from their symptoms with a combination of different treatments.

Some people find relief from their symptoms with a combination of different treatments. A variety of medications and therapies can be used, including:

  • Physical therapy – A physical therapist will teach you strength training to help you gain strength, flexibility, and stamina. Water-based exercises may be especially beneficial.
  • Counseling Psychology – Talking with a counselor can help you strengthen your confidence in your abilities and teach you coping strategies for stressful situations.
  • Occupational therapy – treating the effects of disease or injury on an individual’s ability to function, also assist you in making changes to your work environment or the way you perform specific tasks to reduce stress on your body.

There is no one answer to treating anxiety, as each person may require a different approach.

Some people may benefit from therapy or medication alone, while others may require a combination of approaches.

It is important to speak with a healthcare professional about what might be the best way to treat your anxiety disorder.

There are several drugs available to aid with mental health challenges.

These include SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), SNRIs (serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors), and tricyclics (a family of antidepressants that includes amitriptyline).

Can fibromyalgia ever be cured?

There is no definitive treatment for fibromyalgia, but there are many different treatments that can help ease the symptoms. Some common treatments include:

  • Aerobic and muscle-strengthening exercises
  • Meditation, yoga, and massage are all stress-reduction strategies.
  • Good sleeping habits to improve sleep quality
  • Physical therapy: This type of therapy may help improve flexibility and range of motion in the muscles and joints, which can relieve pain and improve overall functioning.

Medications: Often prescribed to treat other conditions, medications such as opioids or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can also cause potentially fatal constipation.

The following medications have been approved particularly for fibromyalgia pain:

If you suspect that you have constipation, consult your doctor. They can advise you on the best way to treat your condition.

A. Causes of constipation

Constipation can be caused by a number of different circumstances. including:

1. Poor dietary habits – eating a low-fiber, high-calorie diet can lead to constipation because it causes the bowel to become blocked and difficult to move.

2. Excessive drinking: Heavy drinking can cause dehydration, which can lead to muscle weakness and difficulty moving the bowels.

3. Using medication that can dehydrate the body, like diuretics or heart medications.

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